Ubuntu Linux Start / Restart / Stop Apache Web Server & MySQL Server


How do I start, restart or stop Apache 2 web server & MySQL server under Ubuntu Linux operating systems?

/etc/init.d/apache2 is service script used to start / stop / restart the Apache2 service under Debian or Ubuntu Linux. You need to login as root or use sudo command restart Apache.
sudo -i
Enter your root password
Task: Start Apache 2 Server
# /etc/init.d/apache2 start
or
$ sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 start

Task: Restart Apache 2 Server
# /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
or
$ sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Task: Stop Apache 2 Server
# /etc/init.d/apache2 stop
or
$ sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 stop

Task: Start MySQL Server
# /etc/init.d/mysql start
or
$ sudo /etc/init.d/mysql start

Task: Restart MySQL Server
# /etc/init.d/mysql restart
or
$ sudo /etc/init.d/mysql restart

Task: Stop MySQL Server
# /etc/init.d/mysql stop
or
$ sudo /etc/init.d/mysql stop